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Japanese Terminology

 

-A-

ai [] - unite, coincide, harmonize

aiki [合気] - harmonizing spirit/will/intent with the opponent

Aikido [合気道] - a martial art derived from Aiki Jujitsu; founded by Morihei Ueshiba

ashi [ 足] - foot, leg

ashi kubi [ 足首] - ankle; lit. "neck of the foot, leg"

atama [ 頭] - the head, the hair

atemi [当身] - a strike to the human body

 

-B-

ba [ 馬] - horse

bai [ 倍] - double, twice-fold

(h)barai [ 払] - sweep away

basami [ 挟] - pinch, scissor

bi, hana [ 鼻] - nose

bu [ 武] - martial

budo [ 武道] - japanese martial arts that emphasize systematic teaching instead of cataloging techniques; lit. "martial way"

budokai [ 武道会] - an organization of budoka

bushi [ 武士] - one who is learned in the martial ways

bushido [ 武士道] - a unwritten ethical and moral code of the bushi; lit. "way of the bushi"

 

-C-

chi [ ] - the ground, the earth

chudan [ 中段] - middle tier

 

-D-

(t)dachi [ 立] - standing, stance

dan [ 段] - grade, tier

de [ 出] - step forward, go out, advance in position

do [ 道] - a way, path, or means

do [ 胴] - trunk, body (torso)

dojo [ 道場] - an area dedicated to martial practice

(t)dori [ 取] - hold, grab

 

-E-

ebi [ 蝦] - a shrimp

eri [ 襟] - lapel

 

-F-

fumi [ 踏] - step on

fumikomi [ 踏込] - stomp

 

-G-

(k)gaeshi [ 返] - return, reply, give back

gake [ 掛] - hook, suspend

(k)gama [ ] - sickle, scythe

(k)gamae [ ] - posture, stance

gan [ 眼] - an eye

garami [ 絡] - entwine, entangle

gari [ 刈] - reap

(k)gatame, ko [ 固] - tighten, gather, squeeze

(k)gatana, to [ 手刀] - sword

gedan [ 下段] - lower tier

(k)geri [ 蹴] - kick

(k)giri [ ] - cut, slice

(k)goshi [ ] - the hips

guruma [ 車] - a wheel

gyaku [ 逆] - reverse

 

-H-

ha [ 羽] - wing

hadaka [ 裸] - naked

hagi [ 脛] - the shin, the calf

haito [ 背刀] - back(spine) of the sword

hana, bi [ 鼻] - nose

hane [ 跳] - spring up

hanmi [ 半身] - a bladed body

hara [ 腹] - the abdomen

(b)harai [ 払] - sweep away

hazushi [ 外自] - remove oneself

hidari [ 左] - left

hiji [ 肘] - elbow

hineri [ 捻] - twist, to wrench

hishigi, kujiki [ 挫] - to crush, sprain

hittsui [ 膝槌] - knee hammer

hiza [ 膝] - knee

ho [ 方] - direction, side

ho [ 保] - keep, maintain

 

-I-

ippon [ 一本] - one point

irimi [ 入身] - step into the body, come towards the body

 

-J-

ji [ 耳] - ear

(sh)jime [ 絞] - strangle

jitsu [ ] - art

jo [ 条] - reason, logic

jodan [ 上段] - upper tier

ju, yawara [ 柔] - pliant, flexible, yeilding

juji [ 十字] - the character of the number 10 (ju or 十); lit. perpendicular lines

 

-K-

(g)kaeshi [ ] - return, reply, give back

kaiten [ 回転] - round turn, roll

kakae [ ] - hug, embrace

(g)kama [ ] - sickle, scythe

(g)kamae [ ] - posture, stance

kamiza [ 上座] - upper seat

kan [ 関] - related to

kan [ 換] - exchange, convert, replace

karada, tai [ ] - body

kata [ 片] - one side

(g)katame, ko [ 固] - tighten, gather

(g)katana, to [ 手刀] - sword

(g)keri [ ] - kick

kesa [ 袈] - Buddhist priest stole (scarf)

ki [ ] - air, spirit, will, intention

ki [ ] - riding, rider

ki [ ] - kneel

kin [ ] - gold, money, “coin-purse”

(g)kiri [ ] - cut, slice

ko [ 小] - little, trivial

ko [ ] - mouth

ko [ ] - cause, hail, invite, engage

ko, ushiro [ ] - behind, posterior

komi [ 込] - to include, load

kosa [ 交] - cross, intersect

(g)koshi [ 腰] - the hips

kubi [ 首] - neck

kujiki, hishigi [ 挫] - to crush, sprain

kutsu [ ] - lean, crouch, bend

kuzushi [ 崩姿] - break posture

kyo [ ] - a lesson, a precept

kyo [ ] - a bridge

kyu [ 級] - grade, class

kyu [ ] - inhale

 

-L-

 

-M-

mae, zen [ 前] - the front side, forward

maki [ 巻] - reel, wrap up, whirl

makikomi [ 巻込] - wrap something up, reel something in

mata [ 股] - thigh, groin

mawashi [ 廻] - round

men, omote [ 面] - face

migi [ 右] - right

minami [ 南] - south, southern

moro [ 双] - both, pair

mune [ ] - chest

 

-N-

nage [ 投] - throw

nami [ 並] - normal, regular

naname [ 斜] - diagonal

ne [ 寝] - lie down, laying

nodo [ 喉] - the throat

nuki [ 抜] - pull out, escape, pass through

nukite [ 貫手] - piercing, penetrating hand

 

-O-

o [ 大] - great, large, vast

okuri [ 送] - send, dispatch, pass, to forward

omote, men [ 面] - face

oroshi [ 下] - to take downward

osae [ 押] - push, press, stamp, pin

otoshi [ 落] - drop

oya yubi [ 親指] - thumb

 

-P-

 

-Q-

 

-R-

ren [ 連] - bring with, take with, attend

roku, abara [ 肋] - rib cage

ryo [ 両] - both, two

ryu [ 流] - a school of thought

 

-S-

saka [ 逆] - to reverse, to invert

saku [ 搾] - squeeze

sankaku [ 三角] - triangle

sasae [ 支] - support, prop

sei [ 制] - control

sei [ 正] - correct, proper, righteous

seoi [ 背負] - back of the shoulder

setsu [ 節] - a knuckle, a knot

setsu [ 折] - break, snap

(j)shime [ 絞] - strangle

shi [ 自] - oneself

shi [ 士] - a learned man

shin [ ] - mind, soul, essence

sho [ 初] - first, new, inexperienced

sho [ ] - bump, clash

shotei [ 掌底] - bottom of the palm

shu, te [ 手] - hand

sode [ 袖] - a sleeve

soku [ 則] - side

soto [ 外] - outside, exterior

sukui [ 掬] - scoop, shovel

sumi [ 隅] - a corner

sute [ 捨] - to sacrifice, to abandon

suwari, za [ 座] - seated

 

-T-

(d)tachi [ 立] - standing

tai, karada [ ] - body

taka [ 高] - raise, heighten

tama [ 彈 or 弾] - bullet

tate [ 縦] - vertical, inverted

tatsu [ 竜] - a dragon

tawara [ 俵] - straw bag, sack

te, shu [ 手] - hand

ten [ 天] - the sky, the heavens

tettsui [ 手槌] - hand hammer

to, (k)gatana [ 手刀] - sword

tora [ 虎 ] - a tiger

(d)tori [ 取] - hold, grab

tsuki [ 突] - thrust

tsuri [ 釣] - pull in, like fishing

 

-U-

uchi [ 内] - inside, interior

uchi [ 打] - strike

ude [ 腕] - arm

uke [ 受] - take, catch

ukemi [ 受身] - catch the body

uki [ 浮] - float

ushiro, ko [ ] - behind, posterior

ura [ 裏] - the back side


-V-

 

-W-

wakare [ 分] - divide

waki [ 腋] - armpit

waza [ 技] - technique

 

-X-

 

-Y-

yawara, ju [ 柔] - plaint, flexible, yielding

yoko [ 横] - the side, flank

yubi [ 指] - finger

 

-Z-

za, suwari [ 座] - seated

zan [ 残] - remaining, leftover, surviving

zanshin [ 残] - the mind, soul, essence that remains (observation of technique)

zen, mae [ 前] - the front side, forward

 

-Counting-

ichi [ 一] - one

ni [ 二] - two

san [ 三] - three

yon, shi [ 四] - four

go [ 五] - five

roku [ 六] - six

nana, shichi [ 七] - seven

hachi [ 八] - eight

kyu, ku [ 九] - nine

ju [ 十] - ten

 

 


 
Budokai South Defensive Arts Institute
Minami Budo Ryu
Ju Jitsu / Aiki Jujitsu / Judo / Self Defense
Aiken, SC
Phone: (843) 864-3125
Email: newtobudokai@gmail.com


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